Gempa Bumi 7.9 Skala Richter Gegar Filipina

MANILA 31 Ogos – Satu gempa bumi kuat berukuran 7.9 skala Richter menggegarkan Filipina hari ini, menyebabkan amaran tsunami dikeluarkan kepada beberapa negara.

Menurut Pusat Kajian Geologi Amerika Syarikat (USGS), gempa tersebut berlaku pada pukul 8.47 malam waktu Malaysia dan berpusat di perairan timur negara ini, kira-kira 146 kilometer ke pekan Guiuan di wilayah Samar pada kedalaman 32 kilometer.

Amaran tsunami dikeluarkan kepada Indonesia, Taiwan, Jepun, Papua New Guinea dan Haiwaii. – REUTERS/AFP

KUALA LUMPUR 31 Ogos – Penduduk pantai timur dan utara Sabah serta utara Sarawak diminta jauhi kawasan pantai sebagai langkah berjaga-jaga ekoran gempa bumi berskala 7.9 Richter yang melanda Filipina pada pukul 8.47 malam ini.

Pusat Kajian Geologi Amerika Syarikat (USGS) mengeluarkan amaran tsunami kepada Indonesia, Taiwan, Jepun, Papua New Guinea dan Haiwaii.

Laman web Jabatan Meteorologi Malaysia juga melaporkan terdapat tiga gegaran di Filipina pada malam ini iaitu sekuat 7.9 Richter (8:48 malam), 5.2 Richter (9.14 malam) dan 5.5 Richter (9.27 malam).


Lokasi gempa ditanda bulatan warna jingga
000
WEPA40 PHEB 311255
TSUPAC

TSUNAMI BULLETIN NUMBER 001
PACIFIC TSUNAMI WARNING CENTER/NOAA/NWS
ISSUED AT 1255Z 31 AUG 2012

THIS BULLETIN APPLIES TO AREAS WITHIN AND BORDERING THE PACIFIC
OCEAN AND ADJACENT SEAS...EXCEPT ALASKA...BRITISH COLUMBIA...
WASHINGTON...OREGON AND CALIFORNIA.

... A TSUNAMI WARNING AND WATCH ARE IN EFFECT ...

A TSUNAMI WARNING IS IN EFFECT FOR

 INDONESIA / PHILIPPINES / BELAU / YAP / TAIWAN / JAPAN / GUAM /
 N. MARIANAS / PAPUA NEW GUINEA

A TSUNAMI WATCH IS IN EFFECT FOR

 CHUUK / MARCUS IS. / KOSRAE / POHNPEI / MARSHALL IS. /
 WAKE IS. / SOLOMON IS. / RUSSIA / NAURU

FOR ALL OTHER AREAS COVERED BY THIS BULLETIN... IT IS FOR
INFORMATION ONLY AT THIS TIME.

THIS BULLETIN IS ISSUED AS ADVICE TO GOVERNMENT AGENCIES.  ONLY
NATIONAL AND LOCAL GOVERNMENT AGENCIES HAVE THE AUTHORITY TO MAKE
DECISIONS REGARDING THE OFFICIAL STATE OF ALERT IN THEIR AREA AND
ANY ACTIONS TO BE TAKEN IN RESPONSE.

AN EARTHQUAKE HAS OCCURRED WITH THESE PRELIMINARY PARAMETERS

 ORIGIN TIME -  1248Z 31 AUG 2012
 COORDINATES -  10.9 NORTH  127.1 EAST
 DEPTH       -   33 KM
 LOCATION    -  PHILIPPINE ISLANDS REGION
 MAGNITUDE   -  7.9

EVALUATION

 IT IS NOT KNOWN THAT A TSUNAMI WAS GENERATED. THIS WARNING IS
 BASED ONLY ON THE EARTHQUAKE EVALUATION. AN EARTHQUAKE OF THIS
 SIZE HAS THE POTENTIAL TO GENERATE A DESTRUCTIVE TSUNAMI THAT CAN
 STRIKE COASTLINES NEAR THE EPICENTER WITHIN MINUTES AND MORE
 DISTANT COASTLINES WITHIN HOURS. AUTHORITIES SHOULD TAKE
 APPROPRIATE ACTION IN RESPONSE TO THIS POSSIBILITY. THIS CENTER
 WILL MONITOR SEA LEVEL DATA FROM GAUGES NEAR THE EARTHQUAKE TO
 DETERMINE IF A TSUNAMI WAS GENERATED AND ESTIMATE THE SEVERITY OF
 THE THREAT.

ESTIMATED INITIAL TSUNAMI WAVE ARRIVAL TIMES AT FORECAST POINTS
WITHIN THE WARNING AND WATCH AREAS ARE GIVEN BELOW. ACTUAL
ARRIVAL TIMES MAY DIFFER AND THE INITIAL WAVE MAY NOT BE THE
LARGEST. A TSUNAMI IS A SERIES OF WAVES AND THE TIME BETWEEN
SUCCESSIVE WAVES CAN BE FIVE MINUTES TO ONE HOUR.

 LOCATION         FORECAST POINT     COORDINATES     ARRIVAL TIME
 --------------------------------    ------------    ------------
 INDONESIA        GEME                4.6N 126.8E    1335Z 31 AUG
                  BEREBERE            2.5N 128.7E    1353Z 31 AUG
                  PATANI              0.4N 128.8E    1419Z 31 AUG
                  SORONG              0.8S 131.1E    1438Z 31 AUG
                  MANOKWARI           0.8S 134.2E    1447Z 31 AUG
                  WARSA               0.6S 135.8E    1450Z 31 AUG
                  JAYAPURA            2.4S 140.8E    1538Z 31 AUG
 PHILIPPINES      LEGASPI            13.2N 123.8E    1338Z 31 AUG
                  DAVAO               6.8N 125.7E    1340Z 31 AUG
                  PALANAN            17.1N 122.6E    1353Z 31 AUG
 BELAU            MALAKAL             7.3N 134.5E    1407Z 31 AUG
 YAP              YAP_IS.             9.5N 138.1E    1417Z 31 AUG
 TAIWAN           TAITUNG            22.7N 121.2E    1441Z 31 AUG
                  HUALIEN            24.0N 121.7E    1446Z 31 AUG
                  HUALIEN            24.0N 121.6E    1446Z 31 AUG
                  CHILUNG            25.2N 121.8E    1524Z 31 AUG
 JAPAN            OKINAWA            26.2N 127.8E    1502Z 31 AUG
                  SHIMIZU            32.8N 133.0E    1605Z 31 AUG
                  KATSUURA           35.1N 140.3E    1646Z 31 AUG
                  KUSHIRO            42.9N 144.3E    1746Z 31 AUG
                  HACHINOHE          40.5N 141.5E    1753Z 31 AUG
 GUAM             GUAM               13.4N 144.7E    1517Z 31 AUG
 N. MARIANAS      SAIPAN             15.3N 145.8E    1533Z 31 AUG
 PAPUA NEW GUINE  VANIMO              2.6S 141.3E    1539Z 31 AUG
                  WEWAK               3.5S 143.6E    1611Z 31 AUG
                  MANUS_IS.           2.0S 147.5E    1637Z 31 AUG
                  MADANG              5.2S 145.8E    1656Z 31 AUG
                  KAVIENG             2.5S 150.7E    1700Z 31 AUG
                  RABAUL              4.2S 152.3E    1734Z 31 AUG
                  KIETA               6.1S 155.6E    1753Z 31 AUG
                  AMUN                6.0S 154.7E    1806Z 31 AUG
                  LAE                 6.8S 147.0E    1810Z 31 AUG
 CHUUK            CHUUK_IS.           7.4N 151.8E    1646Z 31 AUG
 MARCUS IS.       MARCUS_IS.         24.3N 154.0E    1649Z 31 AUG
 KOSRAE           KOSRAE_IS.          5.5N 163.0E    1740Z 31 AUG
 POHNPEI          POHNPEI_IS.         7.0N 158.2E    1744Z 31 AUG
 MARSHALL IS.     ENIWETOK           11.4N 162.3E    1756Z 31 AUG
                  KWAJALEIN           8.7N 167.7E    1811Z 31 AUG
                  MAJURO              7.1N 171.4E    1843Z 31 AUG
 WAKE IS.         WAKE_IS.           19.3N 166.6E    1757Z 31 AUG
 SOLOMON IS.      FALAMAE             7.4S 155.6E    1804Z 31 AUG
                  PANGGOE             6.9S 157.2E    1809Z 31 AUG
                  GHATERE             7.8S 159.2E    1837Z 31 AUG
                  MUNDA               8.4S 157.2E    1854Z 31 AUG
 RUSSIA           URUP_IS            46.1N 150.5E    1824Z 31 AUG
 NAURU            NAURU               0.5S 166.9E    1843Z 31 AUG

BULLETINS WILL BE ISSUED HOURLY OR SOONER IF CONDITIONS WARRANT.
THE TSUNAMI WARNING AND WATCH WILL REMAIN IN EFFECT UNTIL
FURTHER NOTICE.

THE JAPAN METEOROLOGICAL AGENCY MAY ALSO ISSUE TSUNAMI MESSAGES
FOR THIS EVENT TO COUNTRIES IN THE NORTHWEST PACIFIC AND SOUTH
CHINA SEA REGION.  IN CASE OF CONFLICTING INFORMATION... THE
MORE CONSERVATIVE INFORMATION SHOULD BE USED FOR SAFETY.

THE WEST COAST/ALASKA TSUNAMI WARNING CENTER WILL ISSUE PRODUCTS
FOR ALASKA...BRITISH COLUMBIA...WASHINGTON...OREGON...CALIFORNIA.

Nota: Walaupun kebarangkalian tsunami melanda perairan Sabah dan Sarawak rendah, tetapi langkah berjaga-jaga diaktifkan.